Parker, James

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fl. 1790s Northfleet, Kent, England
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English patentee of Roman Cement.
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James Parker was a vicar at Northfleet in Kent. In experiments of an almost accidental nature he calcined some nodules of clay found on the beach on the Isle of Sheppey. From these he developed a cement which he called Roman, because he believed that this was the type of material the Romans made in ancient times, and which proved to be the basis of the cement industry in Britain, Parker's cement was better than any other so far produced, and was suited to engineering and architectural uses.
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Bibliography
27 July 1796, British patent no. 2,120 (Roman Cement).
Further Reading
A.J.Francis, 1977, The Cement Industry 1796–1914: A History, David \& Charles.
DY

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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